Canadian federal election, 1925

From Academic Kids

Template:Election canada

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Cdn1925.PNG
The Canadian parliament after the 1925 election

The Canadian federal election of 1925 was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal Party formed a minority government. This precipitated the "King-Byng Affair".

The Liberals under Mackenzie King won fewer seats than Arthur Meighen's Conservatives. A third party, the Progressives, which had nominated candidates for the first time in the 1921 election, held the balance of the seats. King decided to hold onto power with the help of the Progressives. The Progressives were closely aligned with the Liberals, and enabled King to form a minority government.

This plan was complicated by the fact that his party lost the election, and that King himself had lost his seat in the House of Commons. Meighen was outraged by King's move, and demanded that King resign from the Prime Minister's office. King asked a Liberal Member of Parliament for Prince Albert, Saskatchewan to resign so that King could run in the resulting by-election. Prince Albert was one of the safest seats in Canada for the Liberals, and King won easily.

An interesting side-note is that his Conservative opponent was John Diefenbaker. While Diefenbaker stood no chance against King in 1925, he would later win both the riding of Prince Albert and the Prime Minister's office.

With King back in Parliament, a huge scandal rocked the King cabinet when one of his appointees was discovered to be accepting bribes. Anticipating a defeat in the Commons, King asked the Governor General, Viscount Byng of Vimy, to call an election. The Governor General refused, and King resigned.

King was not a crusader, or a polemist, or a debater, but he saw this as interference in Canadian politics by an official appointed by a foreign power. King showed rare fire, and rallied the Progressives back into his camp. He defeated Meighen on a vote of confidence after only a few months. This time, Byng called an election.

King parlayed his tantrum into a majority government in the 1926 election. After his defeat, Meighen resigned as Conservative leader.

National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1921 Elected % Change # % % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Arthur Meighen 232 49 114 +132.7% 1,454,253 46.13% +16.18%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Mackenzie King 216 118 101 -15.3% 1,252,684 39.74% -1.41%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive/row

Progressive Robert Forke 68 58 22 -62.1% 266,319 8.45% -12.65%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Labour/row

Labour J.S. Woodsworth 20 3 2 -33.3% 56,987 1.81% -0.93%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent 8 2 2 - 16,212 0.51% -2.52%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/United Farmers/row

United Farmers of Alberta   2 2 2 - 8,053 0.26% -0.46%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal 10 - 1   31,140 0.99% +0.90%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Conservative 6 1 1 - 16,759 0.53% +0.14%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown 5 - - - 20,583 0.65% +0.16%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Liberal-Protectionist   2 * - * 6,915 0.22% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal-Progressive 1 * - * 4,958 0.16% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Labour-Farmer   2 * - * 4,774 0.15% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal-Progressive/row

Liberal-Progressive   1 * - * 3,319 0.11% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Labour 1 * - * 2,901 0.09% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Socialist/row

Socialist   1 - - - 1,888 0.06% -0.04%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Progressive 1 - - - 1,768 0.06% -0.05%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Farmer   1 * - * 1,130 0.04% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Progressive-Conservative   1 * - * 1,120 0.04% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Farmer-Labour   1 * - * 762 0.02% *
Total 579 235 244 +3.8% 3,152,525 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E)

Notes:

* not applicable - the party was not recognized in the previous election

Results by province

Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE YK Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Seats: 10 3 - 7 67 4 10 11 1 1 114

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Popular Vote (%): 49.3 31.8 25.4 41.3 56.3 34.2 59.7 56.4 33.1 59.4 46.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats: 3 4 15 1 12 59 1 3 3 - 101

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Vote (%): 34.7 27.6 41.9 20.3 30.9 59.6 37.0 41.9 52.0 40.6 39.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive/row

Progressive Seats: - 7 6 7 2           22

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive/row

Vote (%): 6.1 26.5 31.8 25.1 8.8           8.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Labour/row

Labour Seats: - -   2 - -   -     2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Labour/row

Vote: 6.3 6.1   9.6 1.2 0.2   1.6     1.8

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Seats: 1       - 1 -       2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%): 2.6       0.6 1.4 0.8       0.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/United Farmers/row

United Farmers of Alberta Seats:   2                 2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/United Farmers/row

Vote (%):   5.0                 0.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal Seats:           1         1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):           3.8         1.0

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Conservative Seats:         1           1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote (%):         1.4           0.5
Total Seats 14 16 21 17 82 65 11 14 4 1 245
Parties that won no seats:

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown Vote (%):     0.1   0.9 0.2     15.0   0.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Liberal-Protectionist Vote (%):           0.9         0.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal-Progressive Vote (%):             3.3       0.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Labour-Farmer Vote (%):   3.0                 0.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal-Progressive/row

Liberal-Progressive Vote (%):       1.9             0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Labour Vote (%):       1.7             0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Socialist/row

Socialist Vote (%): 1.0                   0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Progressive Vote (%):     0.9               0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Farmer Vote (%):           0.1         xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Progressive-Conservative Vote (%):           0.1         xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Farmer-Labour Vote (%):         0.1           xx

Template:Sequence

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