Canadian federal election, 1935

From Academic Kids

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The Canadian parliament after the 1935 election

The Canadian federal election of 1935 was held to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. The Liberal Party of William Lyon Mackenzie King won a majority government, defeating R.B. Bennett's Conservative Party.

The central issue was the economy, which was still in the depths of the Great Depression. Bennett, in office since the 1930 election, had done little to stimulate the economy during his first few years, believing the free market would correct itself. In the last months of his time in office, he reversed his position, however, copying the popular New Deal of Franklin Roosevelt in the United States. Upset about high unemployment and inaction by the federal government, voters were unwilling to allow the Conservatives to continue to govern, despite their change of policy.

The Conservatives were also suffering severe internal divisions. During his first years in office, Bennett had alienated those in his party who supported intervention in the economy. His last minute conversion to interventionism alienated the rest of the party. Former cabinet minister H.H. Stevens left to form the Reconstruction Party. Senior minister Sir Joseph Flavelle announced he would be supporting the Liberals.

Voters opted for Mackenzie King's promise of mild reforms to restore economic health. The Liberals crushed the Tories, winning 171 seats to the Conservatives' 39, the worst ever performance by the Tories. The Liberal Party would continue to hold power until 1957.

The 1935 election was also important in it saw the final demise of the Progressive Party and the United Farmers of Alberta. Two new movements rose out of the west, however. The new Cooperative Commonwealth Federation, a social democratic party, first competed in this election and won seven seats, promising social reform. The Social Credit Party of Canada was even more successful, capturing seventeen seats on its platform of monetary reform.

National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1930 Elected % Change # % % Change

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Mackenzie King 245 90 173 +92.2% 1,967,839 44.68% +0.65%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative R.B. Bennett 228 134 39 -70.9% 1,290,671 29.84% -18.48%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit J.H. Blackmore 46 * 17 * 180,679 4.10% *

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Cooperative Commonwealth J.S. Woodsworth 121 * 7 * 410,125 9.31% *

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Liberal-Progressive   5 3 4 +33.3% 29,569 0.67% -0.48%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reconstruction/row

Reconstruction H.H. Stevens 172 * 1 * 384,462 8.73% *

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal 24 - 1   54,239 1.23% +0.86%

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Independent 13 2 1 -50.0% 17,207 0.39% -0.16%

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United Farmers of Ontario-Labour   1 - 1   7,210 0.39% +0.16%

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Independent Conservative 4 - 1   1,078 0.02% -0.24%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Communist/row

Communist Tim Buck 12 - - - 20,140 0.46% +0.34%

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Labour/row

Labour   5 2 - -100% 14,423 0.33% -0.35%

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Progressive-Conservative   2 1 - -100% 12,220 0.28% -0.13%

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Verdun   1 * - * 4,214 0.10% *

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Anti-Communist   1 * - * 3,961 0.09% *

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Unknown 3 - - - 3,407 0.08% -0.11%

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Independent Reconstructionist 1 * 0 * 865 0.02% *

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Technocrat   1 * 0 * 733 0.02% *

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Liberal-Labour   3 - - - 708 0.02% -0.17%

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Socialist   1 * - * 251 0.01% *

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Independent Labour 1 - - - 221 0.01% -0.41%

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Veteran   1 * - * 79 x *
Total 891 245 245 - 4,404,301 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E)

Notes:

* The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election.

x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote

Results by province

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Communist/row
Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE YK Total

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Liberal Seats won by party: 6 1 16 10 56 59 9 12 4 - 173

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal/row

Popular Vote (%): 31.8 21.6 40.8 31.7 42.2 56.0 57.2 52.7 58.3 44.4 44.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Conservative Seats: 5 1 1 1 25 5 1 - - 39

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Progressive Conservatives/row

Vote: 24.9 17.6 18.0 27.9 35.8 27.5 31.9 34.5 38.4 29.8

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/CCF/row

Cooperative Commonwealth Seats: 3 - 2 2 - -       7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/CCF/row

Vote: 32.7 12.0 21.3 19.4 8.0 0.6     8.8

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Social Credit Seats: - 15 2 -             7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Social Credit/row

Vote: 0.6 46.6 17.8 2.0             4.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal-Progressive/row

Liberal-Progressive Seats:       4           3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Liberal-Progressive/row

Vote:       10.5           0.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reconstruction/row

Reconstruction Seats: 1 - - - - - - - -   2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Reconstruction/row

Vote: 7.3 0.7 1.3 5.9 11.4 9.3 9.7 12.7 3.4   8.7

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Liberal Seats:       - - 1 - -     1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote:     0.2 0.6 3.8 0.4 3     1.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Seats: 1     - - - -       1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote: 1.8 0.1 0.2 0.7 0.8     0.4

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

UFO-Labour Seats:         1           1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote:         0.5           0.2

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Conservative Seats:         -       1 1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Vote:         xx       55.6 xx
Total Seats 16 17 21 17 82 65 10 12 4 1 245
Parties that won no seats:
Communist Vote: 0.5 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.3         0.5

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Farmer-Labour Vote: 0.3       0.5 0.5         0.3

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Progressive-Conservative Vote:       0.5   0.7         0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Verdun Vote:           0.4         0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Anti-Communist Vote:         0.2           0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Unknown Vote:         0.x 0.x         0.1

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Reconstruction Vote:           0.1         xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Technocrat Vote:   0.3                 xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Liberal-Labour Vote:           0.1         xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Socialist/row

Socialist Vote: 0.1                   xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Independent Labour Vote:           0.x         xx

Template:Canadian politics/party colours/Independents/row

Veteran Vote:           0.x         xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote

Template:Sequence

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