Chen Yi (communist)

From Academic Kids

Chen Yi (陳毅, Pinyin: Chn Y; August 26, 1901 - June 6, 1972) was a Chinese communist military commander and politician.

He was born in Lochi (Lezhi), near Chengdu, Sichuan, into a moderately wealthy magistrate's family.

A comrade of Lin Biao from their guerilla days, Chen was a commander of the New Fourth Army during the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), spearheaded the Shandong counter-offensive during the Chinese Civil War, and later commanded the Communist armies that defeated the KMT forces at Huai-Hai and conquered the lower Yangtze region in 1948-49. He was made a Marshal of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 1955.

After the founding of the People's Republic of China, Chen became mayor of Shanghai. He also served as foreign minister from 1958 to 1972. During the Cultural Revolution, he was purged in 1967, but not officially dismissed, so Zhou Enlai performed the duties of foreign minister in his place.

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