Chico Buarque

From Academic Kids

A Brazilian singer/songwriter, Chico Buarque (born June 19th, 1944 in Rio de Janeiro) has become famous for his music, which comments on Brazil's social, economic and cultural situation. Chico Buarque is also a writer of novels and plays, having his last book, Budapeste achieved great critical acclaim and won the Prêmio Jabuti, a award in Brazil similar to The Booker Prize Award. His full name is Francisco Buarque de Holanda.

Chico (as he is widely known in Brazil) came from a both intellectual and privileged family background: father Sergio Buarque de Holanda was a well-known historian and sociologist, and the first name of lexicographer and forebear Aurelio Buarque de Holanda is as strongly associated with Brazilian dictionaries as the name Webster is with American ones. A studious child with a precocious interest in music and writing, Chico was heavily impressed by bossa nova, and specifically, the work of João Gilberto.

Chico made his public debut as musician and composer in 1964, rapidly building his reputation at music festivals and television variety shows. His self-titled debut album exemplified the work to come, with catchy sambas characterized by inventive wordplay and an undercurrent of nostalgic tragedy.

Chico's increasing political activity against the Brazilian military dictatorship resulted in his arrest in 1968, and eventual self-exile to Italy in 1969. Chico returned to Brazil in 1970, using his fame and song-writing skills to protest the dictatorship. At this time his lightly-veiled protest single "Apesar de Você" (In spite of you) somehow passed by the gaze of military censors, becoming the democracy movement's anthem. After selling over 100,000 copies, the single was eventually repressed, and all copies were removed from the market. In spite of the censors, songs such as "Samba de Orly" (Samba of Orly; 1970), "Acorda Amor" (Wake Up, Love; 1974), and "Vai Passar" (It Will Pass; 1983) made plain Chico's continuing opposition.

During the 1970s and 1980s, Chico collaborated with filmmakers, playwrights, and musicians, often running afoul of the military government and timorous music publishers.

During Brazil's military coup of 1964, Chico wrote about the situation and avoided censure by using cryptic analogies and word play. For example, using the Portuguese words for "shut up" (cale-se) and "chalice" (cálice) allowed Chico to sing about the military's oppression under the guise of a bible story in the song "Cálice."


Lyric (in Portuguese)
Pai, afasta de mim esse cálice
De vinho tinto de sangue.
Como beber dessa bebida amarga
Tragar a dor, engolir a labuta.
Mesmo calada a boca, resta o peito
Silêncio na cidade não se escuta.
De que me vale ser filho da santa
Melhor seria ser filho da outra
Outra realidade menos morta
Tanta mentira, tanta força bruta.


Contents

Selected compositions

  • "A Banda" ("The Band")
  • "Carolina"
  • "Roda Viva"
  • "Apesar de Voce" ("In Spite of You")
  • "Quem Te Viu, Quem Te Ve"
  • "Brejo da Cruz"
  • "Vai Levando"
  • "Terezinha"

""Mulheres de Atenas" ("Women of Athens")

  • "À Flor da Terra/O que Será" (Whatever Will Be)
  • "Olhos nos Olhos" (Eyes on the Eyes)
  • "Bye Bye, Brasil"
  • "Cotidiano" ("Daily")
  • "Construção / Deus Lhe Pague" ("Construction/God Bless You")
  • "Feijoada Completa" ("Complete Feijoada")
  • "Funeral de um Lavrador" ("Funeral of a Laborer")
  • "Homenagem Ao Malandro" ("Homage to a Scoundrel")
  • "Meu Caro Amigo" ("My Dear Friend")
  • "Morena de Angola"
  • "Noite dos Mascarados" ("Night of the Masquerade")
  • "Sonho de um Carnaval" ("Dream of a Carnival")
  • "Vai Passar" ("It Will Pass")
  • "As Vitrines"
  • "Paratodos" ("Forall")
  • "Futuros Amantes" ("Future Lovers")

Works in Literature

Novels

  • 1966 - A banda
  • 1974 - Fazenda Modelo
  • 1979 - Chapeuzinho Amarelo
  • 1981 - A bordo do Rui Barbosa
  • 1991 - Estorvo
  • 1995 - Benjamin
  • 2003 - Budapeste

Theatre

  • 1967 - Roda Viva
  • 1973 - Calabar
  • 1975 - Gota d'água
  • 1978 - Ópera do Malandro
  • 1983 - O Grande Circo Místico - with Edu Lobo
  • 2003 - Cambaio - with Edu Lobo

Cinema

  • 1972 - Quando o carnaval chegar
  • 1981 - Os Saltimbancos Trapalhões
  • 1983 - Para viver um grande amor
  • 1985 - Ópera do Malandro
  • 2000 - Estorvo
  • 2003 - Benjamin

External links

pt:Chico Buarque de Holanda

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