European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company

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European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) is a large European industrial corporation of the aerospace business, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Arospatiale-Matra of France, Dornier GmbH and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany, and Construcciones Aeronuticas SA (CASA) of Spain.

As of 2003, EADS employs more than 100,000 people at 70 production sites worldwide. Legally incorporated in Amsterdam, the corporation's headquarters are located in Paris, France, and in Ottobrunn, south of Munich, Germany.



EADS operates with two co-CEO's, one French and one German, currently Philippe Camus and Rainer Hertrich. Nol Forgeard, current Airbus chief, has been nominated* by Arnaud Lagardre as the next French CEO. Lagardre has this responsibility as a result of the negotiations which created EADS. DaimlerChrysler has nominated Thomas Enders as Hertrich's successor.

Similarly the leadership of the board of directors is shared between two co-chairmen: Lagardre and Manfred Bischoff.

(* The appointment of Forgeard has met with resistance from DaimlerChrysler due to his proposal that the status quo of co-CEOs should be replaced with a single chief executive, what DaimlerChrysler sees as an attempt to impose a French-dominated management team. Forgeard's nomination is understood to have been at the urging of the French government.)

History and activities

EADS was formed by its member companies in July 2000, to become the world's second largest aerospace company (after Boeing). EADS is also the second-largest European arms manufacturer (after BAE Systems.) The company develops and markets civil and military aircraft, as well as missiles, space rockets, and related systems.

In November 2003, EADS announced that it was considering working with Japanese companies, and the Japanese METI, to develop a hypersonic airliner intended to be a larger, faster, and quieter, replacement for the Concorde, which was retired in October the same year.

EADS is a major contributor to the International Space Station, and is expected to deliver Columbus in 2007 through its subsidiary EADS SPACE Transportation.


 (artist's impression)
Airbus A400M (artist's impression)
  • Airbus S.A.S.
    EADS owns 80% of Airbus in a joint ownership with BAE Systems which owns the remaining 20% (May 2004). Airbus headquarters are located in Toulouse, France.
  • Military Transport Aircraft
  • Aeronautics
    EADS Socata, manufacturer of small aircraft
  • Defence and Security Systems
    • Defence Electronics, the sensors and avionics house of EADS
    • Military Aircraft, including products such as the Mako/HEAT, and stakes in the following companies:
      • Dassault Aviation (45.76%), manufacturer of fighters and other military aircraft
      • Eurofighter GmbH (46%), manufacturer of Eurofighter Typhoon.
      • eurocopter (100% ownership), manufacturer of light and medium civil and military helicopters. The CEO is Fabrice Brgier and the headquarters are in Marignane, France.
    • Missiles
    • Defence and Communications Systems, electronics/software system house
    • Services
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As of 31 December 2004, about one-third of EADS stock is publicly traded in six European stock markets and the rest is divided among three major business entities.[1] ([2] (

  • Publicly traded: 34.08% (Includes 3.55% held by EADS employees, .06% held by French government, and .78% held by EADS itself. Traded on Paris, Frankfurt, Madrid, Bilbao, Barcelona and Valencia stock exchanges.)
  • DaimlerChrysler: 30.2%
  • SOGEADE: 30.2% (50% French government body, SOGEPA and 50% Dsirade)
  • SEPI: 5.52% (Spanish state holding company)

On July 17, 2004 The Economist reported that the three major shareholders, DaimlerChrysler, SOGEADE and SEPI, intend to sell their shares by 2006–2007. DaimlerChrysler would like extra capital to invest in its core activities, the Lagardre Group (controls Dsirade) wants to withdraw from defence aerospace, and the French government is pursuing privatisation where appropriate.


Like any large industrial conglomerate which manufactures weaponry, EADS has been subjected to criticism. Alleged wrongdoings include:

  • The delivery of weapons to non-NATO countries without due consideration for the political situation and the economic consequences and to countries where there exists an on-going arms race.
  • Using bribes in order to further sales in South Africa.
  • Engendering the threat of a trade war when specific bids are rejected (e.g. the case of the Republic of Korea's F-15K Strike Eagle competition).

See also

External links


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers

Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation


fr:European aeronautic defence and space company id:EADS ja:EADS nl:European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company no:EADS ru:Европейский аэрокосмический и оборонный концерн sv:EADS


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