Eleanor Marx

From Academic Kids

Eleanor Marx (16th January 185531st March 1898) was a Marxist author and political activist.

Born in London, she was the youngest daughter of Karl Marx. After being taught at home by her father, she became his secretary, and then a schoolteacher in Brighton. Her first significant relationship was with Hippolyte Lissagaray the Communard and author of the History of the Commune of 1871 about the Paris Commune. Her father disapproved and the relationship foundered.

In 1884, she joined the Social Democratic Federation and was elected to its executive, spending much of her time lecturing on socialism. Later in the year became a founder member of the rival Socialist League, as did her then partner, Edward Aveling.

In the late 1880s and 1890s, Marx became a trade union activist, supporting strikes such as the Bryant & May strike and the 1889 Dockers’ Strike. She helped organise the National Union of Gas Workers and General Labourers and wrote numerous books and articles.

She also translated various literary works, including Flaubert's Madame Bovary, as well as Ibsen's The Lady from the Sea and An Enemy of the People.

Eleanor Marx committed suicide in 1898, soon after discovering Aveling had secretly married someone else.

External link

eo:Eleanor MARX

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