Futsal

From Academic Kids

Futsal is the indoor version of association football (soccer) that is officially sanctioned by football's international governing body, the Fdration Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), as well as the Asociacion Mundial de Futsal (AMF). Its name is derived from the Portuguese phrase futebol de salo, meaning football (soccer) for (playing in) a large room.

Futsal is played between two teams of 5 players, one of which is the goalkeeper; in addition each team may have a number of substitutes. Unlike some other forms of indoor football, the field is delimited by lines, and not nets or boards which the ball may be played off.

Other forms of indoor football games, which are played by somewhat different rules, exist and may be referred to as indoor football, five-a-side football or indoor soccer. Those games predate the formulation of official rules of futsal.

History of Futsal

The development of futsal is traced back to 1930 in Montevideo, Uruguay, the same year the World Cup was held in the country. The credit for this is given to Juan Carlos Ceriani who wanted a version of football to be played at YMCAs both indoors and outdoors. Credit is also sometimes given to a similar form of football being developed in Sao Paolo, Brazil. These forms of football were quickly adopted around South America, and many of the continents greatest stars played futsal before migrating to full-size association football. The first common rules were reportedly published in Sao Paolo in 1936.

A governing body was created in 1971 to adminster the game and its championships; this was International Federation for Futebol de Sala (FIFUSA), which later became the AMF. FIFA took over control over the game in 1989 and continued the tournament in its name. New rules and amendments to previous rules were created by FIFA at this point.

FIFA's regulating of the game has led to increasing interest, and increased participation, in futsal. Many countries are attempting to promote futsal over the informal (and 'unofficial') form of five-a-side football.

Major international competitions

The FIFA Futsal World Cup is contested by 16 teams and has been held five times. The list of hosts and winners is as follows:

The AMF (formerly FIFUSA) World Cup is currently contested by 20 teams, and has been held on eight occasions as follows:

External links

es:Ftbol sala id:Futsal ja:フットサル ru:Футзал pt:Futsal fi:Futsal sv:Inomhusfotboll

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