Gender gap

From Academic Kids

A gender gap is a disparity between genders involving quality or quantity. Though some gender gaps are controversial, they are not to be confused with sexist stereotypes. A classic example of a gender gap is the supposed difference in pay between men and women for the same job responsibilities.

Gender gaps favoring males

  • A man has more muscle mass than a woman of the same size.
  • An average man is taller than an average woman. (See sexual dimorphism)
  • Male students get slightly higher SAT college entrance test scores, primarily on the mathematics portion of the test.
  • In many countries the median male income is higher than the median female income.
  • Health insurance is less expensive for young and middle aged men.
  • Men have more privileges in many religious organizations.
  • In China and India, female fetuses are often aborted, especially in the former country due to one-child policy.

Gender gaps favoring females

  • Women live slightly longer than men in most countries (a notable exception is Afghanistan).
  • Automobile insurance companies charge more for teenage boys than their female counterparts, but this gender gap has narrowed gradually through out the years.
  • Life insurance is higher for males than for females.
  • Women are less likely to be in prison. However, the female prison population increases at a higher rate than the male prison population.
  • Women are not required to register with the Selective Service in the United States

Gender gap examples favoring neither males nor females

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