Golden Gate

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This article is about the strait in California. For other uses see Golden Gate (disambiguation).

The Golden Gate
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The Golden Gate
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Golden-Gate.jpg
The Golden Gate, looking south towards San Francisco. San Francisco Bay is on the left, and the Pacific Ocean is on the right

This image is from the GIMP photo archive (http://gimp-savvy.com/cgi-bin/img.cgi?ails0bcf1nuTSFM1111).

The Golden Gate is the strait connecting the San Francisco Bay to the Pacific Ocean. Since the 1930s it has been spanned by the Golden Gate Bridge.

Great tidal flows added with the combined flows of the Sacramento River and the San Joaquin River have scoured a channel several hundred feet deep through the strait.

Before the arrival of Europeans in the 18th century, the area around the strait and the bay was occupied by the Ohlone people. The discovery of the strait by early European explorers was surprisingly elusive, presumably due to its persistant summer fog. The strait is recorded in neither the voyages of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo nor Francis Drake, both of whom may have explored the nearby coast in the 16th century in search of the Northwest Passage. The strait is also unrecorded in observation by several Spanish galleons returning from the Philippines that laid up in nearby Drakes Bay.

The first recorded observation of the strait was nearly two hundred years later in 1769, by Sgt. Jose Ortega, the leader of a scouting party sent north along the peninsula of present-day San Francisco. Ortego reported that he could proceed no further because of the strait. Until the 1840s the strait was called the "Boca del Puerto de San Francisco" (Entrance to the Port of San Francisco). Sometime in the 1840s, before the discovery of gold in California, the entrance acquired a new name. In his memoirs, John C. Frmont wrote, "To this Gate I gave the name of Chrysopylae, or GOLDEN GATE; for the same reasons that the harbor of Byzantium was called Chrysoceras, or GOLDEN HORN."

During the summer, the heat in the California Central Valley causes the air there to rise. This can create strong winds which pull cool moist air in from over the ocean through the break in the hills caused by the Golden Gate, commonly causing a stream of dense fog to enter the bay.

The strait is located at Template:Coor dm.

External links

da:Golden Gate de:Golden Gate es:Golden gate sv:Golden Gate

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