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Template:Infobox Korean city

This article is about Gwangju Metropolitan City in South Korea. For the smaller city of the same name near Seoul, South Korea, see Gwangju City (Gyeonggi).

Gwangju Metropolitan City is the fifth largest city in South Korea. Gwangju is a designated metropolitan city under the direct control of the South Korean Home Minister, and also the capital of South Jeolla Province. Its geographical location is Template:Coor dm.



The city was established a long time ago (c. 57 BC) and has been a centre of trade ever since. It was one of the administrative centres of Baekje during the Three-Kingdom Period.

With the construction of a railway to Seoul in 1914 modern industry was established. This includes cotton textiles, rice mills and breweries. Construction of a designated industrial zone in 1967 ensued marked growth in industry, especially in the sectors linked to the automobile industry.

In 1929, during the period of Japanese occupation, a confrontation between Korean and Japanese students in the city turned into a regional demonstration, which culminated in one of the major nationwide uprisings against Japanese rule in the colonial period.

In May 1980 civil demonstrations took place in Gwangju against the newly installed military government of Chun Doo-hwan. The demonstrations were suppressed by military forces, including elite units of the Special Operations Command. Most commentators agree that the suppression was characterized by its egregious brutality, including several incidents where military forces fired automatic weapons into crowds of unarmed demonstrators. Some commentators assert United States is partly responsible for the mass killing in the city, because of its tacit endorsement of the Chun Doo-hwan regime and the authorization of troop mobilization. Gwangju is sometimes called "the shrine of Korean democracy" because of this incident, which is known today as the Gwangju Massacre. After the civil rule was reinstated, a national cemetery was established honoring the victims of the incident.


Chonnam National University and Chosun University are two of the major educational institutions in the city, with several other universities and colleges. Places with exquisite scenery along the outskirts of the city became the birthplace of gasa, a form of Korean classical poetry. Located in the heart of the agricultural Jeolla region, the city is also famous for rich and diverse cuisine.

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions in Gwangju

Gwangju is divided into 5 districts ("Gu").

Name Hangul Hanja
Buk-gu 북구 北區
Dong-gu 동구 東區
Gwangsan-gu 광산구 光山區
Nam-gu 남구 南區
Seo-gu 서구 西區

See also

External links

Administrative divisions of South Korea Flag of South Korea
Special City
Metropolitan Cities
Busan | Daegu | Daejeon | Gwangju | Incheon | Ulsan
North Chungcheong | South Chungcheong | Gangwon | Gyeonggi | North Gyeongsang | South Gyeongsang | Jeju | North Jeolla | South Jeolla

et:Gwangju ko:광주광역시 io:Gwangju id:Gwangju ja:光州広域市 pl:Kwangju (metropolia w Republice Korei) pt:Gwangju zh:光州


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