Hussein of Jordan

From Academic Kids


Hussein bin Talal (Arabic: حسين بن طلال) (November 14, 1935February 7, 1999) was the King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan from 1952 to 1999.

On July 20, 1951, King Abdullah I traveled to Jerusalem to perform his Friday prayers with his young grandson, Prince Hussein. He was assassinated by a gunman at the instigation of Colonel Abdullah Tell, ex-Military Governor of Jerusalem, and Dr Musa Abdullah Husseini, on the steps of one of the holiest shrines of Islam, the Al-Aqsa Mosque. Hussein grappled with the assailant, until he was wounded himself; he is said to have been saved from a bullet by a medal his grandfather had recently awarded him and insisted he wear.

Abdullah's eldest son, King Talal was crowned as King, but within a year was forced to resign because of mental illness (described as schizophrenia by Queen Noor in her book Leap of Faith). His son Prince Hussein was proclaimed King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan on August 11, 1952 at age 16 and was enthroned on May 2, 1953.

His reign was controversial, while it saw Jordan remain one of the most free states in the Middle East, it was also marked by the events of Black September when the king ordered the violent expulsion of the PLO from Jordan. The country also defied the west and the other allied leaders by siding with Saddam Hussein in the Gulf War. In 1994 King Hussein led negotiations to end the official state of war with the State of Israel resulting in the Israel-Jordan Treaty of Peace. The king wrote three books: Uneasy Lies the Head (1962), about his childhood and early years as king, My War With Israel (1969), and Mon Mtier de Roi.

King Hussein was an avid amateur radio operator. He also loved to fly airplanes (prop and jet) as well as helicopters.

He died of complications related to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on February 7, 1999. The King had been suffering from the disease for many years and had visited the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, United States on a fairly regular basis for treatment. Just before his death, he changed his will and disinherited his brother, Hassan, who had been crown prince for several decades, and designated his eldest son, Abdullah as heir. The King was at the time of his death one of the longest serving leaders in international politics.

He was married four times. His four wives were:

King Hussein was succeeded as king by his eldest son Abdullah II of Jordan.

External links

Preceded by:
Hashemite King of Jordan
Succeeded by:
Abdullah II

Template:End boxar:حسين بن طلال bg:Хюсеин de:Hussein II. (Jordanien) he:חוסיין מלך ירדן nl:Hoessein van Jordani no:Hussein av Jordan sv:Hussein av Jordanien


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