From Academic Kids

For other uses see ISA.

Isa (عيسى ) is the Islamic name for Jesus, who is considered to be one of the Prophets of Islam in the Qur'an. Christian Arabs refer to Jesus as Yasu' al-Masih (يسوع المسيح). Isa and Jesus are both most likely derived from the Latin Iesus, which in turn comes from the Greek Ἰησοῦς (Iēsos). The Greek is a Hellenized form of the Aramaic name Yeshua (ישוע), a short form of Hebrew Yehoshua (יהושע). This is the name by which Moses called his successor as leader of the Israelites, known in English as Joshua; it means 'the Lord is salvation', or literally 'Yahweh saves'. A small minority hold that Isa is related to the biblical Esau, but this is less likely given the name's indisputably strong link with Joshua.

Muslims believe that Isa was sent down as a Prophet to be the Messiah. The Qur'anic verse below explicitly calls him by this title, and also says that Allah sent word to Mary about it; it also calls him the Word of God. However, Muslims strongly disagree with the mainstream Christian belief mentioned in the Gospel of John that, as an embodiment of the divine logos, Jesus was hence divine himself, regarding it as a blasphemous denial of tawhid. (See below for relevant Qur'anic verses.)

Behold! the angels said: "O Mary, Allah gives you glad tidings of a Word from Him; his name will be the Messiah Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah.
(al-Qur'an 3:45)

The understanding of Jesus in Islam is very unlike the mainstream Jewish tradition, in which he is regarded as a false Messiah, and the Mandean religion (which views John the Baptist as the faithful one, and Jesus as a trickster).

Muslims see Jesus' ministry as a continuation of a single divine message and faith system revealed over time by Allah to mankind. They regard not only Jesus, but earlier prophets such as Abraham, Noah, Joseph, Moses, and David, to have been Muslims, and see Isa as the great precursor to Muhammad.


Isa neither crucified nor killed

That they said (in boast) "We killed the Messiah Jesus the son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah"; - but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them and those who differ therein are full of doubts, with no (certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for, of a surety they killed him not.
No, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.

(al-Qur'an 4:157-158)

The passage above is claimed as support for the view that Isa was not killed or crucified, but instead was raised into Heaven and remains there awaiting the time appointed by Allah (God) to descend back to earth and live out his natural life. A minority interpretation of the verse holds similarly that Jesus was not executed by his enemies, but only appeared to be so, and that he was subsequently "raised" (i.e., in status and honor) by Allah (God). In this minority interpretation, no ascent to Heaven by Isa is ascribed to the Qur'an.

Isa not the literal Son of God

O People of the Book, commit no excesses in your religion; nor say of Allah anything but the truth. The Messiah Jesus son of Mary was (no more than) a Messenger of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a Spirit proceeding from Him; so believe in Allah and His Messengers. Say not "Trinity": desist! It will be better for you: for Allah is One: Glory be to Him! (far exalted is He) above having a son. To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth. And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.
(al-Qur'an 4:171)

Muslims do not believe Isa is Allah, nor was he the literal son of Allah; in this view they differ from Christians. Muslim theologians point out that even the Christian Bible refers to earlier (non-divine) figures such as David as "son of God."(Psalm 2:7)

Isa's physical appearance

Certain hadith give a picture of Isa's physical appearance:

"While I was sleeping, I saw myself (in a dream), performing Tawaf (circumambulation of the House of God in Makkah). I saw a reddish-white man with lank hair, with water dripping from his head, I asked, "Who is this?" They replied, "The Son of Maryam (Mary)..." (Bukhari, Muslim)
"I saw near the Ka’bah (House of God), a person who was whitish-red and lank- haired, resting his hands upon two men, as water dripped from his head. I asked, "Who is this?" The people replied, "He is I`sa u, Ibn Maryam ," or they may have replied, "He is Masih, Ibn Maryam ." (Bukhari, Muslim, Imam Hanbal)

Isa to return

Most Muslims believe Isa will descend back to earth after ad-Dajjal (the False Messiah) appears.

A hadith in Abu Dawud (Book 37, Number 4310) says:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah:
The Prophet (Muhammad) said: There is no prophet between me and him, that is, Jesus. He will descend (to the earth). When you see him, recognise him: a man of medium height, reddish fair, wearing two light yellow garments, looking as if drops were falling down from his head though it will not be wet. He will fight the people for the cause of Islam. He will break the cross, kill swine, and abolish jizyah. Allah will perish all religions except Islam. He will destroy the Antichrist and will live on the earth for forty years and then he will die. The Muslims will pray over him.

After he slays ad-Dajjal (the False Messiah) at the Gate of Ludd in Palestine, Muslims believe he will marry, die and be buried in the Masjid al Nabawi.

See also

External links

de:Isa (Prophet) sw:Isa tt:Ğaysa


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