John Joseph Caldwell Abbott

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John Joseph Caldwell Abbott
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Rank: 3rd (1891-1892)
Date of Birth: March 12, 1821
Place of Birth: St-Andre-Est, Quebec
Spouse: Mary Bethune
Profession: lawyer
Political Party: Conservative

The Hon. Sir John Joseph Caldwell Abbott, P.C., Q.C., K.C.M.G., B.C.L., D.C.L. (March 12, 1821October 30, 1893) was the third Prime Minister of Canada from June 16, 1891 to November 24, 1892. He is also the great-grandfather of Canadian actor Christopher Plummer.

Born in St. Andrews (now St-Andre-Est), Quebec, he was the first native-born prime minister. John Abbott married Mary Bethune (1823-1898) in 1849. The couple had four children.

He received a B.C.L. (Bachelor of Civil Law) from McGill University in 1854 and was a successful lawyer. A pillar of Montreal's English business community, he later became mayor of Montreal in 1887 to 1888.

After long service in the Canadian House of Commons, he was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1887 and joined Sir John A. Macdonald's cabinet that year as Minister without Portfolio. He also served as Leader of the Government in the Senate from May 12 1887 - October 30 1893 (including his term as Prime Minister). Valued for his legal and administrative skills, he soon became one of its leading members.

When Prime Minister Macdonald died in office, Senator Abbott reluctantly accepted the plea of the divided Conservative party that he should lead the government. In his eighteen months in office he revitalized the government and the party. He later attempted to turn government over to John Thompson, but this was politically unfeasible due to anti-Catholic sentiment (Thompson was Catholic). Abbott's health failed and he retired to private life in 1892, whereupon Thompson finally became Prime Minister. Abbott died less than a year later.

Sir John Abbott is buried in the Mount Royal Cemetery, Montreal, Quebec.

John Abbott College in Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec is named after him.

See also: List of Montreal mayors

External links


Template:Succession box two to two
Preceded by:
Riding was created in 1867
Member of Parliament from Argenteuil
1867-1874
Succeeded by:
Lemuel Cushing, Liberal
Preceded by:
Thomas Christie, Liberal
Member of Parliament from Argenteuil
1880-1887
Succeeded by:
James Crocket Wilson, Lib.-Cons.
Preceded by:
Honoré Beaugrand
Mayor of Montreal
1887-1889
Succeeded by:
Jacques Grenier

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Template:CanPMde:John Joseph Caldwell Abbott pl:John Abbott pt:John Joseph Caldwell Abbott

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