Prime Minister of Iraq

From Academic Kids

The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraq's head of government. Prime Minister was originally an appointed office, subsidiary to the head of state, and the nominal leader of the Iraqi parliament. Under the newly adopted constitution the Prime Minister is to be the country's active executive authority. Ibrahim al-Jaafari was appointed Prime Minister under the Iraqi Transitional Government on April 7, 2005.

Contents

Royal Prime Ministers of Irak

Kingdom of Iraq (1921-1959)
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Kingdom of Iraq (1921-1959)

From 1920 to 1958 the Prime Minister was appointed by the King of Iraq, and usually held office for a single year before being replaced.

The Council of Ministers will undertake the conduct of affairs of State. It shall assemble under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister, in order to decide what steps shall be taken with regard to affairs concerning more than one Ministry; and in order to deal with important matters in which the various Ministries are concerned. The Prime Minister shall submit the recommendations of the council to the King for the purpose of obtaining his orders.


Republican Prime Ministers

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Iraq_flag_large_1991.png
Republic of Iraq (1963-2004)

After the republican revolution of 1958, the PM became appointed by the President of Iraq and served much longer terms, although in many circumstances the President held both the PM's office and Presidency simultaneously.

State Prime Ministers of Iraq ( June 2004 – )

State of Iraq
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State of Iraq

The Iraqi Interim Government was created by the United States and its coalition allies as a caretaker government to tule Iraq until the Iraqi Transitional Government was organized following the Iraqi National Assembly election. The position of Prime Minister was selected to be the Head of the Government

Under the Iraqi Transitional Government, the Members of the Iraqi National Assembly choose the Presidency Council; including the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers.

The Presidency Council then shall name a Prime Minister unanimously. According to this, the Presidency Council must agree on a candidate for the post within two weeks. In the event that it fails to do so, the responsibility of naming the Prime Minister reverts to the National Assembly. In that event, the National Assembly must confirm the nomination by a two-thirds majority. If the Prime Minister is unable to nominate his Council of Ministers within one month, the Presidency Council shall name another Prime Minister.

The Prime Minister cannot be appointed to any other position in or out of government. Because of this, no member of the Armed Forces, National Assembly, Minister, or member of the Presidency Council can be elected to this position unless the individual has resigned his commission or rank, or retired from duty at least eighteen months prior to serving.


No. Name Took Office Left Office Political Party
* Vacant ¹ April 2003 June 28, 2004 None
** Iyad Allawi ² June 28, 2004 April 7 2005 Iraqi National Accord
*** Ibrahim al-Jaafari ³ April 7, 2005 In Office Islamic Dawa Party


  • ¹ Position disolved due to the Invasion of Iraq in 2003. Coalition Provisional Authority in charge, with the Iraqi Governing Council.
  • ² Held the position of Interim Prime Minister before the Iraqui National Election of 2005
  • ³ Prime Minister under the Iraqi Transitional Authority.

See also

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