List of state leaders

From Academic Kids

This is a list of national leaders, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems; it should be noted that often a leader is both in presidential systems or dictatorships. Some states have semi-presidential systems where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.

Country Head of state Head of government
Afghanistan Hamid Karzai
Albania Alfred Moisiu Fatos Nano
Algeria Abdelaziz Bouteflika Ahmed Ouyahia
Andorra Joan Enric Vives Sicília (represented by Nemesi Marqués Oste)
and Jacques Chirac (represented by Philippe Massoni)
Albert Pintat
Angola José Eduardo dos Santos Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos
Antigua and Barbuda Elizabeth II, represented by Sir James Carlisle Baldwin Spencer
Argentina Néstor Kirchner
Armenia Robert Kocharian Andranik Margaryan
Australia Elizabeth II, represented by Michael Jeffery John Howard
Austria Heinz Fischer Wolfgang Schüssel
Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev Artur Rasizade
The Bahamas Elizabeth II, represented by Dame Ivy Dumont Perry Christie
Bahrain Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa
Bangladesh Iajuddin Ahmed Khaleda Zia
Barbados Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Clifford Husbands Owen Arthur
Belarus Aleksandr Lukashenko Sergey Sidorsky
Belgium Albert II Guy Verhofstadt
Belize Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Colville Young Said Musa
Benin Mathieu Kérékou
Bhutan Jigme Singye Wangchuk Lyonpo Yeshey Zimba
Bolivia Eduardo Rodríguez (interim)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Borislav Paravac (President of the Presidency), Sulejman Tihić, Ivo Miro Jović Adnan Terzić
Botswana Festus Mogae
Brazil Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
Brunei Sir Hassanal Bolkiah
Bulgaria Georgi Purvanov Simeon Sakskoburggotski
Burkina Faso Blaise Compaoré Paramanga Ernest Yonli
Burundi Domitien Ndayizeye
Cambodia Norodom Sihamoni Samdech Hun Sen
Cameroon Paul Biya Ephraïm Inoni
Canada Elizabeth II, represented by Adrienne Clarkson Paul Martin
Cape Verde Pedro Pires José Maria Neves
Central African Republic François Bozizé Élie Doté
Chad Idriss Déby Pascal Yoadimnadji
Chile Ricardo Lagos
China Hu Jintao Wen Jiabao
Colombia Álvaro Uribe
Comoros Azali Assoumani
Congo, Republic of the Denis Sassou-Nguesso Isidore Mvouba
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Joseph Kabila
Costa Rica Abel Pacheco
Côte d'Ivoire Laurent Gbagbo Seydou Diarra
Croatia Stipe Mesić Ivo Sanader
Cuba Fidel Castro
Cyprus Tassos Papadopoulos
Czech Republic Václav Klaus Jiří Paroubek
Denmark Margrethe II Anders Fogh Rasmussen
Djibouti Ismaël Omar Guelleh Dileita Mohamed Dileita
Dominica Nicholas Liverpool Roosevelt Skerrit
Dominican Republic Leonel Fernández
East Timor Xanana Gusmão Mari Alkatiri
Ecuador Alfredo Palacio
Egypt Hosni Mubarak Ahmed Nazif
El Salvador Antonio Saca
Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo Miguel Abia Biteo Boricó
Eritrea Isaias Afewerki
Estonia Arnold Rüütel Andrus Ansip
Ethiopia Girma Wolde-Giorgis Meles Zenawi
Fiji Ratu Josefa Iloilo Laisenia Qarase
Finland Tarja Halonen Matti Vanhanen
France Jacques Chirac Dominique de Villepin
Gabon Omar Bongo Jean-François Ntoutoume Emane
The Gambia Yahya Jammeh
Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili Zurab Nogaideli
Germany Horst Köhler Gerhard Schröder
Ghana John Kufuor
Greece Karolos Papoulias Kostas Karamanlis
Grenada Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Daniel Williams Keith Mitchell
Guatemala Óscar Berger
Guinea Lansana Conté Cellou Dalein Diallo
Guinea-Bissau Henrique Rosa Carlos Gomes
Guyana Bharrat Jagdeo Sam Hinds
Haiti Boniface Alexandre Gérard Latortue
Honduras Ricardo Maduro
Hungary Ferenc Mádl Ferenc Gyurcsány
Iceland Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson Halldór Ásgrímsson
India A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Manmohan Singh
Indonesia Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Iran Ali Khamenei (Rahbar - "leader"); Mohammad Khatami (president)
Iraq Jalal Talabani Ibrahim al-Jaafari
Ireland Mary McAleese Bertie Ahern
Israel Moshe Katsav Ariel Sharon
Italy Carlo Azeglio Ciampi Silvio Berlusconi
Jamaica Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Howard Cooke P. J. Patterson
Japan Akihito Junichiro Koizumi
Jordan Abdullah II Adnan Badran
Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev Daniyal Akhmetov
Kenya Mwai Kibaki
Kiribati Anote Tong
Korea, North Kim Jong Il (highest administrative authority);
Kim Yong Nam (Head of State for Foreign Affairs)
Pak Pong Ju
Korea, South Roh Moo Hyun Lee Hai Chan
Kuwait Jaber Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah Sabah Al Ahmad Al Jaber Al Sabah
Kyrgyzstan Kurmanbek Bakiyev (acting)
Laos Khamtai Siphandon Boungnang Vorachith
Latvia Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga Aigars Kalvītis
Lebanon Émile Lahoud Najib Mikati
Lesotho Letsie III Pakalitha Mosisili
Liberia Gyude Bryant
Libya Mu'ammar Al Qadhafi (de facto);
Zentani Muhammad az-Zentani (de jure)
Shukri Ghanem
Liechtenstein Hans-Adam II (Sovereign Prince);
Prince Alois (Regent)
Otmar Hasler
Lithuania Valdas Adamkus Algirdas Brazauskas
Luxembourg Henri Jean-Claude Juncker
Macedonia Branko Crvenkovski Vlado Bučkovski
Madagascar Marc Ravalomanana Jacques Sylla
Malawi Bingu wa Mutharika
Malaysia Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin ibni al-Marhum Syed Putra Jamalullail Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Maldives Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
Mali Amadou Toumani Touré Ousmane Issoufi Maïga
Malta Eddie Fenech Adami Lawrence Gonzi
Marshall Islands Kessai Note
Mauritania Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya Sghaïr Ould M'Bareck
Mauritius Sir Anerood Jugnauth Paul Bérenger
Mexico Vicente Fox
Micronesia Joseph Urusemal
Moldova Vladimir Voronin Vasile Tarlev
Monaco Albert II Jean-Paul Proust
Mongolia Natsagiyn Bagabandi Tsakhiagiyn Elbegdorj
Morocco Muhammad VI Driss Jettou
Mozambique Armando Guebuza Luisa Diogo
Myanmar Than Shwe Soe Win
Namibia Hifikepunye Pohamba Nahas Angula
Nauru Ludwig Scotty
Nepal Gyanendra
Netherlands Beatrix Jan Peter Balkenende
New Zealand Elizabeth II, represented by Dame Silvia Cartwright Helen Clark
Nicaragua Enrique Bolaños
Niger Tandja Mamadou Hama Amadou
Nigeria Olusegun Obasanjo
Norway Harald V Kjell Magne Bondevik
Oman Qaboos ibn Sa’id Al ’Bu Sa’id
Pakistan Pervez Musharraf Shaukat Aziz
Palau Tommy Remengesau
Panama Martín Torrijos
Papua New Guinea Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Paulias Matane Sir Michael Somare
Paraguay Nicanor Duarte
Peru Alejandro Toledo Carlos Ferrero Costa
Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Poland Aleksander Kwaśniewski Marek Belka
Portugal Jorge Sampaio José Sócrates
Qatar Hamad ibn Khalifa Al Thani Abdullah ibn Khalifa Al Thani
Romania Traian Băsescu Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu
Russia Vladimir Putin Mikhail Fradkov
Rwanda Paul Kagame Bernard Makuza
Saint Kitts and Nevis Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Cuthbert Sebastian Denzil Douglas
Saint Lucia Elizabeth II, represented by Dame Pearlette Louisy Kenny Anthony
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Frederick Ballantyne Ralph Gonsalves
Samoa Malietoa Tanumafili II Tuila'epa Sailele Malielegaoi
San Marino Cesare Antonio Gasperoni and Fausta Simona Morganti Fabio Berardi
São Tomé and Príncipe Fradique de Menezes Maria do Carmo Silveira
Saudi Arabia Fahd Fahd (de jure), Crown Prince Abdullah (de facto)
Senegal Abdoulaye Wade Macky Sall
Serbia and Montenegro Svetozar Marović
Seychelles James Michel
Sierra Leone Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
Singapore S.R. Nathan Lee Hsien Loong
Slovakia Ivan Gašparovič Mikuláš Dzurinda
Slovenia Janez Drnovšek Janez Janša
Solomon Islands Elizabeth II, represented by Sir Nathaniel Waena Sir Allan Kemakeza
Somalia Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed Ali Muhammad Ghedi
South Africa Thabo Mbeki
Spain Juan Carlos I José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Sri Lanka Chandrika Kumaratunga Mahinda Rajapakse
Sudan Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir
Suriname Ronald Venetiaan
Swaziland Mswati III Themba Dlamini
Sweden Carl XVI Gustav Göran Persson
Switzerland Moritz Leuenberger, Pascal Couchepin, Joseph Deiss, Samuel Schmid (President)1, Micheline Calmy-Rey, Christoph Blocher, Hans-Rudolf Merz
Syria Bashar al-Assad Muhammad Naji al-Otari
Taiwan (ROC) Chen Shui-bian Frank Hsieh
Tajikistan Emomali Rahmonov Okil Okilov
Tanzania Benjamin Mkapa Frederick Sumaye
Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej Thaksin Shinawatra
Togo Faure Gnassingbé Edem Kodjo
Tonga Taufa'ahau Tupou IV Prince 'Ulukalala Lavaka Ata
Trinidad and Tobago Maxwell Richards Patrick Manning
Tunisia Zine El Abidine Ben Ali Mohamed Ghannouchi
Turkey Ahmet Necdet Sezer Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov
Tuvalu Elizabeth II, represented by Filoimea Telito Maatia Toafa
Uganda Yoweri Museveni Apolo Nsibambi
Ukraine Viktor Yushchenko Yuliya Tymoshenko
United Arab Emirates Khalifa ibn Zayed Al Nahayan Maktum ibn Rashid Al Maktum
United Kingdom Elizabeth II Tony Blair
United States George W. Bush
Uruguay Tabaré Vázquez
Uzbekistan Islam Karimov Shavkat Mirziyayev
Vanuatu Kalkot Mataskelekele Ham Lini
Vatican City Pope Benedict XVI Angelo Cardinal Sodano (Secretary of State);
Edmund Cardinal Szoka (Governor)
Venezuela Hugo Chávez
Vietnam Tran Duc Luong Phan Van Khai
Western Sahara Mohamed Abdelaziz Abdelkader Taleb Oumar
Yemen Ali Abdullah Saleh Abdul Qader Bajammal
Zambia Levy Mwanawasa
Zimbabwe Robert Mugabe

Notes

  1. The President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity.

See also

ja:世界各国の指導者一覧

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