National Book Award

From Academic Kids

The National Book Awards is the most important literary prize in the United States, presented annually for the best book by a living US citizen published in the US.

The awards have been presented since 1950 in at least one category, and is presently awarded in each of four categories: fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and young people's literature. Over the years, awards in several categories have been retired or subsumed into other categories.

The winners, selected in each category by five-member, independent judging panels, each receive a US$ 10,000 cash prize and a crystal sculpture. The National Book Foundation administers the awards.


Winners of the National Book Awards

Current categories


1950 Nelson AlgrenThe Man With The Golden Arm
1951 William Faulkner The Collected Stories of William Faulkner
1952 James Jones From Here to Eternity
1953 Ralph EllisonInvisible Man
1954 Saul Bellow The Adventures of Augie March
1955 William Faulkner A Fable
1956 John O'Hara Ten North Frederick
1957 Wright Morris The Field of Vision
1958 John Cheever The Wapshot Chronicle
1959 Bernard Malamud The Magic Barre
1960Philip RothGoodbye, Columbus
1961Conrad RichterThe Waters of Kronos
1962Walker PercyThe Moviegoer
1963J. F. PowersMorte D'Urban
1964John UpdikeThe Centaur
1965Saul BellowHerzog
1966Katherine Anne PorterThe Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter
1967Bernard MalamudThe Fixer
1968Thornton WilderThe Eighth Day
1969Jerzy KosinskiSteps
1970Joyce Carol OatesThem
1971Saul BellowMr. Sammler's Planet
1972Flannery O'ConnorThe Complete Stories of Flannery O'Connor
1973John BarthChimera
1973John WilliamsAugustus
1974Thomas PynchonGravity's Rainbow
1974Isaac Bashevis SingerA Crown of Feathers and Other Stories
1975Robert StoneDog Soldiers
1975Thomas WilliamsThe Hair of Harold Roux
1976William GaddisJR
1977Wallace StegnerThe Spectator Bird
1978Mary Lee SettleBlood Ties
1979Tim O'BrienGoing After Cacciato
1980 HardcoverWilliam StyronSophie's Choice
1980 PaperbackJohn IrvingThe World According to Garp
1981 HardcoverWright MorrisPlains Song
1981 PaperbackJohn CheeverThe Stories of John Cheever
1982 HardcoverJohn UpdikeRabbit is Rich
1982 PaperbackWilliam MaxwellSo Long, See You Tomorrow
1983 HardcoverAlice WalkerThe Color Purple
1983 PaperbackEudora WeltyCollected Stories of Eudora Welty
1984Ellen GilchristVictory Over Japan: A Book of Stories
1985Don DeLilloWhite Noise
1986E.L. DoctorowWorld's Fair
1987Larry HeinemannPaco's Story
1988Pete DexterParis Trout
1989John CaseySpartina
1990Charles JohnsonMiddle Passage
1991Norman RushMating
1992Cormac McCarthyAll the Pretty Horses
1993E. Annie ProulxThe Shipping News
1994William GaddisA Frolic of His Own
1995Philip RothSabbath's Theater
1996Andrea BarrettShip Fever and Other Stories
1997Charles FrazierCold Mountain
1998Alice McDermottCharming Billy
1999Ha JinWaiting
2000Susan SontagIn America
2001Jonathan FranzenThe Corrections
2002Julia GlassThree Junes
2003Shirley HazzardThe Great Fire
2004Lily TuckThe News from Paraguay


1950Ralph L. RuskRalph Waldo Emerson (article on Ralph Waldo Emerson)
1951Newton ArvinHerman Melville (article on Herman Melville)
1952Rachel CarsonThe Sea Around Us
1953Bernard A. De VotoThe Course of Empire
1954Bruce CattonA Stillness at Appomattox
1955Joseph Wood KrutchThe Measure of Man
1956Herbert KublyAn American in Italy
1957George F. KennanRussia Leaves the War
1958Catherine Drinker BowenThe Lion and the Throne (article on Edward Coke)
1959J. Christopher HeroldMistress to an Age: A Life of Madame De Stael
1960Richard EllmannJames Joyce (article on James Joyce}
1961William L. ShirerThe Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
1962Lewis MumfordThe City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations and its Prospects
1963Leon EdelHenry James, Vol. II: The Conquest of London, Henry James, Vol. III: The Middle Years
1984Robert V. ReminiAndrew Jackson & the Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845 (article on Andrew Jackson)
1985J. Anthony LukasCommon Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families
1986Barry LopezArctic Dreams
1987Richard RhodesThe Making of the Atom Bomb
1988Neil SheehanA Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam (article on John Paul Vann)
1989Thomas L. FriedmanFrom Beirut to Jerusalem
1990Ron ChernowThe House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance
1991Orlando PattersonFreedom
1992Paul MonetteBecoming a Man: Half a Life Story
1993Gore VidalUnited States: Essays 1952-1992
1994Sherwin B. NulandHow We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter
1995Tina RosenbergThe Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism
1996James CarrollAn American Requiem: God, My Father, and the War that Came Between Us
1997Joseph J. EllisAmerican Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson
1998Edward BallSlaves in the Family
1999John W. DowerEmbracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II
2000Nathaniel PhilbrickIn the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex
2001Andrew SolomonThe Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression
2002Robert A. CaroMaster of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
2003Carlos EireWaiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy
2004Kevin BoyleArc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age


1950William Carlos WilliamsPaterson: Book III and Selected Poems
1951Wallace StevensThe Auroras of Autumn
1952Marianne MooreCollected Poems
1953Archibald MacLeishCollected Poems, 1917-1952
1954Conrad AikenCollected Poems
1955Wallace StevensThe Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens
1956W.H. AudenThe Shield of Achilles
1957Richard WilburThings of the World
1958Robert Penn WarrenPromises: Poems, 1954-1956
1959Theodore RoethkeWords for the Wind
1960Robert LowellLife Studies
1961Randall JarrellThe Woman at the Washington Zoo
1962Alan DuganPoems
1963William StaffordTraveling Through the Dark
1964John Crowe RansomSelected Poems
1965Theodore RoethkeThe Far Field
1966James DickeyBuckdancer's Choice: Poems
1967James MerrillNights and Days
1968Robert BlyThe Light Around the Body
1969John BerrymanHis Toy, His Dream, His Rest
1970Elizabeth BishopThe Complete Poems
1971Mona Van DuynTo See, To Take
1972Howard MossSelected Poems
1972Frank O'HaraThe Collected Works of Frank O'Hara
1973A. R. AmmonsCollected Poems, 1951-1971
1974Allen GinsbergThe Fall of America: Poems of these States, 1965-1971
1974Adrienne RichDiving into the Wreck: Poems 1971-1972
1975Marilyn HackerPresentation Piece
1976John AshberySelf-portrait in a Convex Mirror
1977Richard EberhartCollected Poems, 1930-1976
1978Howard NemerovThe Collected Poems of Howard Nemerov
1979James MerrillMirabell: Book of Numbers
1980Philip LevineAshes
1981Lisel MuellerThe Need to Hold Still
1982William BronkLife Supports: New and Collected Poems
1983Galway KinnellSelected Poems
1983Charles WrightCountry Music: Selected Early Poems
1991Philip LevineWhat Work Is
1992Mary OliverNew & Selected Poems
1993A. R. AmmonsGarbage
1994James TateA Worshipful Company of Fletchers
1995Stanley KunitzPassing Through: The Later Poems
1996Hayden CarruthScrambled Eggs & Whiskey
1997William MeredithEffort at Speech: New & Selected Poems
1998Gerald SternThis Time: New and Selected Poems
1999AiVice: New & Selected Poems
2000Lucille CliftonPoems Seven: New and Complete Poetry
2001Alan DuganBlessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988-2000
2002Ruth StoneIn the Next Galaxy
2003C.K. WilliamsThe Singing
2004Jean ValentineDoor in the Mountain: New and Collected Poems, 1965-2003

Young People's Literature

1996Victor MartinezParrott In the Oven: MiVida
1997Han NolanDancing on the Edge
1998Louis SacharHoles
1999Kimberly Willis HoltWhen Zachary Beaver Came to Town
2000Gloria WhelanHomeless Bird
2001Virginia Euwer WolffTrue Believer
2002Nancy FarmerThe House of the Scorpion
2003Polly HorvathThe Canning Season
2004 Pete HautmanGodless

Previous categories

In 1964, the categories Arts and Letters, History and Biography & Science, Philosophy and Religion categories had the addendum (Nonfiction).

In 1981, Children's Books, Fiction was called Children's Book, Fiction; and in 1983 it was called Children's Fiction.

In 1981, Children's Books, Non-fiction was called Children's Book, Nonfiction.

In 1983 Children's Books, Picture Books was called Children's Books, Picture Books.

First Novel

1980William WhartonBirdy
1981Ann ArensbergSister Wolf
1982Robb Forman DewDale Loves Sophie to Death
1983Gloria NaylorThe Women of Brewster Place

First Work of Fiction

1984Harriet DoerrStones for Ibarra
1985Bob ShacochisEasy in the Islands

Science Fiction

1980 HardcoverFrederik PohlJem
1980 Paperback Walter Wangerin, Jr.The Book of the Dun Cow


1980 HardcoverJohn D. MacDonaldThe Green Ripper


1980Louis L'AmourBendigo Shafter

Original Paperback

1983Lisa GoldsteinThe Red Magician

General Nonfiction

1980 HardcoverTom WolfeThe Right Stuff
1980 PaperbackPeter MatthiessenThe Snow Leopard
1981 HardcoverMaxine Hong KingstonChina Men
1981 PaperbackJane KramerThe Last Cowboy
1982 HardcoverTracy KidderThe Soul of a New Machine
1982 PaperbackVictor S. NavaskyNaming Names
1983 HardcoverFox ButterfieldChina: Alive in the Bitter Sea
1983 PaperbackJames FallowsNational Defense

Arts and Letters

1964Aileen WardJohn Keats: The Making of a Poet
1965Eleanor ClarkOysters of Lockmariaquer
1966Janet FlannerParis Journal, 1944-1965
1967Justin KaplanMr. Clemens and Mark Twain: A Biography
1968William TroySelected Essays
1969Norman MailerThe Armies of the Night: History as a Novel, The Novel as History
1970Lillian HellmanAn Unfinished Woman: A Memoir
1971Francis SteegmullerCocteau: A Biography
1972Charles RosenThe Classical Style: Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven
1973Arthur M. WilsonDiderot
1974Pauline KaelDeeper into the Movies
1975Roger ShattuckMarcel Proust
1975Lewis ThomasThe Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher (also won The Sciences award)
1976Paul FussellThe Great War and Modern Memory

History and Biography

1964William H. McNeillThe Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community
1965Louis FischerThe Life of Lenin
1966 Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.A Thousand Days
1967Peter GayThe Enlightenment, Vol. I: An Interpretation the Rise of Modern Paganism
1968George F. KennanMemoirs: 1925-1950
1969Winthrop D. JordanWhite over Black: American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550-1812
1970T. Harry WilliamsHuey Long
1971James MacGregor BurnsRoosevelt: The Soldier of Freedom
1976David Brion DavisThe Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823


1972Allan NevinsOrdeal of the Union, Vols. VII & VIII: The Organized War, 1863-1864 and The Organized War to Victory
1973Robert Manson MyersThe Children of Pride Isaiah Trunk
1973Isaiah TrunkJudenrat
1974John CliveMacaulay: The Shaping of the Historian (also won Biography award)
1975Bernard BailynThe Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson (article on Thomas Hutchinson)
1977Irving HoweWorld of Our Fathers
1978David McCulloughThe Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal 1870-1914
1979Richard Beale DavisIntellectual Life in the Colonial South, 1585-1763
1980 HardcoverHenry A. KissingerThe White House
1980 PaperbackBarbara W. TuchmanA Distant Mirror: The Calamitous 14th Century
1981 HardcoverJohn BoswellChristianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality
1981 PaperbackLeon F. LitwakBeen in the Storm so Long: The Aftermath of Slavery
1982 HardcoverFather Peter John PowellPeople of the Sacred Mountain: A History of the Northern Cheyenne Chiefs and Warrior Societies, 1830-1879
1982 PaperbackRobert WohlThe Generation of 1914
1983 HardcoverAlan BrinkleyVoices of Protest: Huey Long, Father Coughlin and the Great Depression
1983 PaperbackFrank E. Manuel & Fritzie P. ManuelUtopian Thought in the Western World


1972Joseph P. LashEleanor and Franklin: The Story of Their Relationship, Based on Eleanor Roosevelt's Private Papers
1973James Thomas FlexnerGeorge Washington, Vol. IV: Anguish and Farewell, 1793-1799
1974John CliveMacaulay: The Shaping of the Historian (also won History award)
1974Douglas DayMalcolm Lowry: A Biography
1975Richard B. SewallThe Life of Emily Dickinson
1980 HardcoverEdmund MorrisThe Rise of Theodore Roosevelt
1980 PaperbackA. Scott BergMax Perkins: Editor of Genius

Biography and Autobiography

1977W. A. SwanbergNorman Thomas: The Last Idealist
1978W. Jackson BateSamuel Johnson
1979 Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.Robert Kennedy and His Times


1980 HardcoverLauren BacallLauren Bacall by Myself
1980 PaperbackMalcolm CowleyAnd I Worked at the Writer's Trade: Chapters of Literary History 1918-1978


1981 HardcoverJustin KaplanWalt Whitman
1981 PaperbackDeirdre BairSamuel Beckett
1982 HardcoverDavid McCulloughMornings on Horseback
1982 PaperbackRonald SteelWalter Lippmann and the American Century
1983 HardcoverJudith ThurmanIsak Dinesen: The Life of a Storyteller
1983 PaperbackJames R. MellowNathaniel Hawthorne in His Time

Science, Philosophy and Religion

1964Christopher Tunnard & Boris PushkarevMan-made America
1965Norbert Wiener God and Golem, Inc: A Comment on Certain Points where Cybernetics Impinges on Religion
1967Oscar LewisLa Vida
1968Jonathan KozolDeath at an Early Age

The Sciences

1969Robert J. LiftonDeath in Life: Survivors of Hiroshima
1971Raymond Phineas SternsScience in the British Colonies of America
1972George L. SmallThe Blue Whale
1973George B. SchallerThe Serengeti Lion: A Study of Predator-Prey Relations
1974S. E. LuriaLife: The Unfinished Experiment
1975Silvano ArietiInterpretation of Schizophrenia
1975Lewis ThomasThe Lives of a Cell: Notes of a Biology Watcher (also won Arts and Letters award)


1980 HardcoverDouglas HofstadterGodel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid
1980 PaperbackGary ZukavThe Dancing Wu Li Masters: An Overview of the New Physics
1981 HardcoverStephen Jay GouldThe Panda's Thumb: More Reflections on Natural History
1981 PaperbackLewis ThomasThe Medusa and the Snail
1982 HardcoverDonald C. Johanson & Maitland A. EdeyLucy: The Beginnings of Humankind
1982 PaperbackFred Alan WolfTaking the Quantum Leap: The New Physics for Nonscientists
1983 HardcoverAbraham Pais"Subtle is the Lord...": The Science and Life of Albert Einstein
1983 PaperbackPhilip J. Davis & Reuben HershThe Mathematical Experience
1983 PaperbackJoyce Carol ThomasMarked by Fire

Philosophy and Religion

1970Erik H. EriksonGandhi's Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence
1972Martin E. MartyRighteous Empire: The Protestant Experience in America
1973S. E. AhlstromA Religious History of the American People
1974Maurice NatansonEdmund Husserl: Philosopher of Infinite Tasks
1975Robert NozickAnarchy, State and Utopia


1980 HardcoverElaine PagelsThe Gnostic Gospels
1980 PaperbackSheldon VanaukenA Severe Mercy

Contemporary Affairs

1972Stewart Brand (ed.)The Last Whole Earth Catalogue
1973Frances FitzGeraldFire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam
1974Murray KemptonThe Briar Patch
1975Theodore RosengartenAll God's Dangers: The Life of Nate Shaw
1976Michael J. ArlenPassage to Ararat

Contemporary Thought

1977Bruno BettelheimThe Uses of Enchantment: The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales
1978Gloria EmersonWinners & Losers
1979Peter MatthiessenThe Snow Leopard

Current Interest

1980 HardcoverJulia ChildJulia Child and More Company
1980 PaperbackChristopher LaschThe Culture of Narcissism

General Reference Books

1980 HardcoverElder Witt (ed.)The Complete Directory
1980 PaperbackTim Brooks & Earle MarshThe Complete Directory of Prime Time Network TV Shows: 1946-Present


1967 Gregory RabassaJulio Cortazar's Hopscotch Willard Trask -- Casanova's History of My Life
1968 Howard & Edna HongSoren Kierkegaard's Journals and Papers
1969 William WeaverCalvino's Cosmicomics
1970 Ralph ManheimCeline's Castle to Castle
1971 Frank JonesBrecht's Saint Joan of the Stockyards
1971 Edward G. SeidenstickerYasunari Kawabata's The Sound of The Mountain
1972 Austryn WainhouseJacques Monod's Chance and Necessity
1973 Allen MandelbaumThe Aeneid of Virgil
1974 Karen BrazellThe Confessions of Lady Nijo
1974 Helen R. LaneOctavio Paz's Alternating Current
1974 Jackson MatthewsPaul Valery's Monsieur Teste
1975 Anthony KerriganMiguel D. Unamuno's The Agony of Christianity and Essays on Faith
1977 Li-Li Ch'enMaster Tung's Western Chamber Romance
1978 Howard NemerovUwe George's In the Deserts of This Earth
1979 Clayton Eshleman & Jose Rubin BarciaCesar Vallejo's The Complete Posthumous Poetry
1980 William ArrowsmithCesare Pavese's Hard Labor
1980 Jane Gary Harris & Constance LinkOsip E. Mandelstam's Complete Critical Prose and Letters
1981 Francis SteegmullerThe Letters of Gustave Flaubert
1981 John E. WoodsArno Schmidt's Evening Edged in Gold
1982 Robert Lyons DanlyHiguchi Ichiyo's In the Shade of Spring Leaves
1982 Ian Hideo LevyThe Ten Thousand Leaves: A Translation of The Man'Yoshu, Japan's Premier Anthology of Classical Poetry
1983 Richard HowardCharles Baudelaire's Les Fleurs du Mal

Children's Literature

1969Meindert DeJongJourney from Peppermint Street
1976Walter D. EdmondsBert Breen's Barn
1977Katherine PatersonThe Master Puppeteer
1978Judith & Herbert KohlThe View From the Oak
1979Katherine PatersonThe Great Gilly Hopkins

Children's Books

1970Isaac Bashevis SingerA Day of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing up in Warsaw
1971Lloyd AlexanderThe Marvelous Misadventures of Sebastian
1972Donald BarthelmeThe Slightly Irregular Fire Engine or The Hithering Thithering Djinn
1973Ursula K. LeGuinThe Farthest Shore
1974Eleanor CameronThe Court of the Stone Children
1975Virginia HamiltonM. C. Higgins the Great
1980 HardcoverJoan W. BlosA Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's Journal
1980 PaperbackMadeleine L'EngleA Swiftly Tilting Planet

Children's Books, Fiction

1981 HardcoverBetsy ByarsThe Night Swimmers
1981 PaperbackBeverly ClearyRamona and Her Mother
1982 HardcoverLloyd AlexanderWestmark
1982 PaperbackOuida SebestyenWords by Heart
1983 HardcoverJean FritzHomesick: My Own Story
1983 PaperbackPaula FoxA Place Apart
1983 PaperbackJoyce Carol ThomasMarked by Fire

Children's Books, Non-fiction

1981 HardcoverAlison Cragin Herzig & Jane LawrenceMali -- Oh, Boy! Babies
1982 Susan BonnersA Penguin Year
1983 James Cross GiblinChimney Sweeps

Children's Books, Picture Books

1982 HardcoverMaurice SendakOutside Over There
1982 PaperbackPeter SpierNoah's Ark
1983 HardcoverBarbara CooneyMiss Rumphius
1983 HardcoverWilliam SteigDoctor De Soto
1983 PaperbackMary Ann Hoberman & Betty Fraser (ill.)A House is a House for Me

See also

External links



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