New Harmony, Indiana

From Academic Kids

New Harmony is a town located in Posey County, Indiana. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 916.



New Harmony is located at 38°7'43" North, 87°56'3" West (38.128583, -87.934122)Template:GR.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.7 km² (0.6 mi²). 1.7 km² (0.6 mi²) of it is land and 1.56% is water.


New Harmony was built by the Harmony Society, headed by Johann George Rapp. This was the second of three towns built by the German religious group. When the society decided to move back to Pennsylvania, they sold this site to Robert Owen, the Welsh utopian thinker and social reformer. Owen recruited residents to his model community, but a number of factors led to an early breakup of the communitarian experiment.

The experiment was established in 1825 and dissolved in 1829 due to constant quarrels. The town banned money and other commodities.


As of the censusTemplate:GR of 2000, there are 916 people, 382 households, and 228 families residing in the town. The population density is 552.6/km² (1,441.5/mi²). There are 432 housing units at an average density of 260.6/km² (679.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 98.91% White, 0.00% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.00% from other races, and 0.33% from two or more races. 0.44% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 382 households out of which 27.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% are married couples living together, 9.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% are non-families. 38.0% of all households are made up of individuals and 21.2% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.12 and the average family size is 2.80.

In the town the population is spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 29.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 47 years. For every 100 females there are 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 71.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town is $28,182, and the median income for a family is $40,865. Males have a median income of $39,250 versus $21,607 for females. The per capita income for the town is $17,349. 12.4% of the population and 12.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 14.8% of those under the age of 18 and 17.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

The Paul Tillich Park

Paul Tillich Park commemorates the renowned 20th century theologian, Paul Johannes Tillich. The park was dedicated on 2 June 1963, and Tillich's ashes were interred there in 1965.

Located just across North Main Street from the Roofless Church in New Harmony, Indiana, the park consists of a stand of evergreens on elevated ground surrounding a walkway. Along the walkway there are several large stones on which are inscribed quotations from Tillich's writings. James Rosati's sculpture of Tillich's head rises at the north end of the walkway, backed by a clearing and a large pond.

Those who walk the park today may ponder quotations from Tillich's writings inscribed on large rocks along the pathway. The words Man and nature belong together in their created glory - in their tragedy and in their salvation are especially appropriate: Man representing the communitarians of New Harmony - that is, the Harmonists and the Owenites - nature representing the naturalists at New Harmony who uncovered life-secrets and earth-secrets of creation. The word tragedy tells much of New Harmony history, as of all human history, and salvation crowns the human experience as a promise consistent with Harmonist faith and Tillich's mission.

Literature: The Story of New Harmony

  • Don Blair, The New Harmony Story, The New Harmony Publication Committee, 1967.
  • William E. Wilson, The Angel and the Serpent, The Story of New Harmony, Indiana University Press, Bloomington, 1967, second edition.

Literature: Paul Tillich and New Harmony, The Paul-Tillich-Park in New Harmony

  • Ruediger Reitz, Paul Tillich und New Harmony, Evangelisches Verlagswerk Stuttgart/Germany, 1970.
  • Wilhelm and Marion Pauck, Paul Tillich: His Life & Thought; Volume I: Life, Harper & Row, New York, 1976.

Literature: The Atheneum and Richard Meier, Architect.

  • Richard Meier Architect. New York: Rizzoli, 1984. pp. 190-215.
  • Abercrombie, Stanley. "A Vision Continued." AIA Journal, mid-May 1980, pp. 126-137.
  • "The Architecture of the Promenade: The Atheneum." International Architect 3, 1980, pp. 13-24.
  • Cassara, Silvio. "Intrinsic Qualities of Remembrances. The Atheneum at New Harmony, Indiana." Parametro, July/August 1976, pp. 16-19, 59.
  • Cohen, Arthur. "Richard Meier, Creator of a New Harmony: An Architect Builds a Classic Meeting Hall for the Nations Heartland." United Mainliner, March 1980, pp. 25-65.
  • Huxtable, Ada Louise. "A Radical New Addition for Mid-America." The New York Times, 30 September 1979, sec. 2, pp. 1, 31.
  • Goldberger, Paul. "The Atheneum: Utopia Lives." Vogue, February 1980, pp. 250-251, 296.
  • Klotz, Heinrich, ed. "Das Athenaeum." Text by Richard Meier. Jahrbuch für Architektur: Neues Bauen 1980-1981, pp. 53-64.
  • Magnago Lampugnani, Vittorio. Architecture of Our Century in Drawings: Utopia and Reality. Stuttgart: Verlag Gerd Hatje, 1982, pp. 106-107.
  • Marlin, William. "Dissonance in New Harmony." Inland Architect, December 1981, pp. 20-28.
  • Marlin, William. "Revitalizing Architectural Legacy of an American 'Camelot.'" The Christian Science Monitor, 16 April 1976, p. 26.
  • Rykwert, Joseph. "New Harmony Propylaeon." Domus, February 1980, pp. 12-17.
  • Shezen, Roberto. "La via storica: L'Atheneum di New harmony nell' Indiana di Richard Meier." Gran Bazaar, January/February 1982, pp. 128-135.
  • Stephens, Suzanne. "Emblematic Edifice: The Atheneum, New Harmony, Indiana." Progressive Architecture, February 1980, pp. 67-75.
  • Zevi, Bruno. "Un UFO nel campo de grano." L'Espresso, 6 April 1980, p. 124.
  • Futagawa, Yukio, ed. "Collage and Study Sketches for the Atheneum."; "Meier's Atheneum." by Kenneth Frampton; "Richard Meier, An American Architect." by Arthur Cohen; "The Atheneum, New Harmony, Ind. (First Scheme)."; "The Atheneum (Executed Scheme)." GA Document 1, 1980, pp. 25-65.
  • Futagawa, Yukio, ed. "The Atheneum, New Harmony, Indiana. 1975-1979." Text by Paul Goldberger. Global Architecture 60, 1981. Reprinted in Global Architectre Book 6: Public Buildings. Tokyo: A.D.A. Edita Co., 1981, n.p.
  • Haker, Werner. "New Harmony und das Athenaeum von Richard Meier." Werk, Bauen + Wohnen, December 1980, pp. 44-53.
  • "Harmonious Museum for New Harmony." Life, February 1980, pp. 60-62.
  • Meier, Richard. "Comments on The Atheneum, New Harmony, Indiana; Manchester Civic Center, Manchester, New Hampshire." Harvard Architectural Review, Spring 1981, pp. 176-187. Reprinted in French. Les Cahiers de la Recherche Architecturale, November 1982, pp. 66-73.
  • "The Pritzker Architecture Prize Laureates." Zodiac 12. Includes "The World's Greatest Architect." by Francesco Dal Co; "Statement on Architecture." by Richard Meier. Editrice Abitare: Milan, 1995.

External links



  • [1] ( Drawing by Karl Bodmer during his visit to New Harmony in 1832-1833.
  • [2] ( James Rosati's sculpture of Tillich's head in the Paul Tillich Park.
  • [3] ( Tillich memorial stone in the Paul Tillich Park in New Harmony, Indiana.
  • [4] ( Memorial stone in the Paul Tillich Park.
  • [5] ( Memorial stone in the Paul Tillich Park.
  • [6] ( Memorial stone in the Paul Tillich Park.

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