Referendums in Sweden

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This article is part of the series
Politics of Sweden

Since the introduction of parliamentarism in Sweden six referendums have been held. The Swedish Constitution (1974) provides for binding referendums. However none of the referendums held have been binding but rather of an advisory and consultative nature and not formally binding on the Riksdag. The latest referendum on Adopting the Euro was held on September 14, 2003. The referendum on joining the European Union was held on November 13, 1994.

YearReferendumParticipationYesNo BlankResult
2003Adopting the Euro82.6%42.0%55.9% 2.1%Reject
1994Joining the European Union83.3%52.3%46.8% 0.9%Approve
YearReferendumParticipationAlt. 1Alt. 2Alt. 3BlankOutcome
1980Reliance on Nuclear Power75.7%18.9%39.1%38.7%3.3%Alternative 2¹
1957Tax Funded Pension System72.4%45.8%15.0%35.3%3.9%Alternative 1
YearReferendumParticipationYesNo BlankResult
1955Changing from left- to right-hand traffic53.0%15.5%82.9% 1.6%Reject²
1922Prohibition55.1%49.1%50.9% -Reject

¹ The outcome of the 1980 referendum has been highly debated, as none of the alternatives gained a majority. Parliament ultimately interpreted the result in favour of a phase-out to be completed in 2010 (a date never mentioned in the actual alternatives), although the programs for this have not since been followed.
² In 1963 Parliament passed a government bill resulting in legislation that ordered a change from left-hand traffic. The changeover took place on September 3, 1967.

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