Secretary to the Treasury

From Academic Kids

This article is about various offices in the government of the United Kingdom. For the American cabinet post, see United States Secretary of the Treasury.

In the United Kingdom, there are at least five Secretaries to the Treasury, officials officially acting as secretaries to the Treasury board. The origins of the office are unclear, although it probably originated during Lord Burghley's tenure as Lord Treasurer in the 16th century. The number of secretaries was expanded to two by 1714 at the latest.

One of the present-day secretaries, the Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury, is the Government Chief Whip in the House of Commons, and another, the Permanent Secretary to the Treasury, is not a minister but a senior civil servant.

The remaining three secretaries, while of relatively modern origin, actually attend to Treasury business. The Chief Secretary to the Treasury is probably the most direct descendant of the earliest single Secretary – unlike the others, the Chief Secretary is of Cabinet rank – and is followed in order of precedence by the Financial Secretary to the Treasury and the Economic Secretary to the Treasury.

Phillip Oppenheim was briefly Exchequer Secretary to the Treasury from 1996 to 1997, although that office has not been seen before or since.

The other, more senior, Treasury ministers are the Chancellor of the Exchequer and the Paymaster General. From time to time, generally when a minister from a government department other than the Treasury is Paymaster General, there has been a Treasury Minister of State.

See also Lord High Treasurer.

Contents

Secretaries to the Treasury, 1760–1852

  • James West and Samuel Martin 1760–1762
  • Samuel Martin and Jeremiah Dyson 1762–1763
  • Jeremiah Dyson and Charles Jenkinson 1763–1764
  • Charles Jenkinson and Thomas Whateley 1764–1765
  • William Mellish and Charles Lowndes 1765–1766
  • Grey Cooper and Thomas Bradshaw 1766–1770
  • Sir Grey Cooper and John Robinson 1770–1782
  • Henry Strachey and Edward Chamberlain 1782
  • Henry Strachey and Richard Burke 1782
  • Thomas Orde and George Rose 1782–1783
  • Richard Brinsley Sheridan and Richard Burke 1783
  • George Rose and Thomas Steele 1783–1791
  • George Rose and Charles Long 1791–1801
  • John Hiley Addington and Nicholas Vansittart 1801–1802
  • Nicholas Vansittart and John Sargent 1802–1804
  • William Huskisson and William Sturges Bourne 1804–1806
  • Nicholas Vansittart and John King 1806
  • Nicholas Vansittart and William Henry Fremantle 1806–1807
  • William Huskisson and Henry Wellesley 1807–1809
  • Richard Wharton and Charles Arbuthnot 1809–1814
  • Charles Arbuthnot and Stephen Rumbold Lushington 1814–1823
  • Stephen Rumbold Lushington and John Charles Herries 1823–1827
  • John Charles Herries and Joseph Planta 1827
  • Joseph Planta and Thomas Frankland Lewis 1827–1828
  • Joseph Planta and George Robert Dawson 1828–1830
  • Thomas Spring Rice and Edward Ellice 1830–1832
  • Thomas Spring Rice and Charles Wood 1832–1834
  • Charles Wood and Francis Thornhill Baring 1834
  • Sir George Clerk and Sir Thomas Fraser Fremantle 1834–1835
  • Francis Thornhill Baring and Edward J. Stanley 1835–1839
  • Edward J. Stanley and Robert Gordon 1839–1841
  • Richard More O'Ferral and Sir Denis Le Marchant 1841–1844
  • Sir George Clerk and John Young 1844–1845
  • John Young and Edward Cardwell 1845–1846
  • Henry Tufnell and John Parker 1846–1849
  • Henry Tufnell and William Goodenough Hayter 1849–1850
  • William Goodenough Hayter and George Cornewall Lewis 1850–1852

Financial Secretaries to the Treasury, 1852–present

Economic Secretaries to the Treasury, 1981–present

Parliamentary Secretaries to the Treasury, 1852–present

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