Sud Aviation Super-Caravelle

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Sud Aviation Super-Caravelle
Description
RoleCivil Transport
Crew4
Passengers68 to 105
First Flight
Entered Service
ManufacturerSud Aviation
Dimensions
Length33.0 m
Wingspan34.3 m
Height8.7 m
Wing area146.7 m²
Weights
Emptykg
Loadedkg
Maximum takeoffkg
Capacity
Powerplant
EnginesRolls-Royce Avon RA29 Mk533
Pratt & Whitney JT8-D9
Thrust56 kN each (RA29)
65 kN each (JT8D-1)
Performance
Maximum speed835 km/h at 7,600 m
Range2,650 km
Service ceiling12,000 m
Rate of climb11.2 m/s
Wing loadingkg/m²
Thrust/Weight
Avionics
Avionics

The Super-Caravelle was a design for a supersonic transport from Sud Aviation in France. Unlike most competing designs which envisioned larger trans-atlantic aircraft and led to the likes of the Boeing 2707, the Super-Caravelle was a much smaller, shorter range design intended to replace their earlier and very successful Caravelle. Design work started in 1960 and was announced in 1961 at the Paris Air Show, but was later merged with similar work at the British Aircraft Corporation (originally the Bristol 223) to create the Concorde project in November 1962. After starting the Concorde, the Super Caravelle name was instead used on a lengthed version of the original Caravelle design, the SE-210B.

The Super-Caravelle looks very much like a smaller, two-engine version of the Concorde. It used the Concorde's unique ogive wing planform, and was otherwise similar in shape and layout with the exception of the nose area which was more "conventional" and only the outermost section over the radar "drooped" for visibility on takeoff and landing. In normal use it was designed to carry 70 passengers between 2000 to 3000 km at about Mach 2. The size and range requirements were set to make the Super-Caravelle "perfect" for Air France's European and African routes.

The Concorde was originally to be delivered in two versions, a longer-range transatlantic version similar to the Bristol 223 that was eventually delivered as the Concorde, and a smaller version for shorter range routes similar to the Super-Caravelle. After consulations with prospective customers, the smaller design was dropped.


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