Townlet (p.g.t.)

From Academic Kids

Townlet is an attempt to translate the Russian term posyolok gorodskogo tipa (посёлок городского типа) or the similar Ukrainian selyshche mis'koho typu (селище міського типу)—literally "urban-type settlement". A townlet was one of the results of Soviet urban design, a locality intermediate in character and status between towns and villages. The classification is still used in former USSR countries like Ukraine or Russia.

In size a townlet is similar to a village, however its infrastructure is urban. Usually it is centered around at least a single industry. One of the defining features of a townlet in the former USSR was economic independence from agriculture.

Soviet Union

According to the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, three main types of localites were included under the description P.G.T.:

  • Workers' settlement: a locality with factories, mining industry, power stations, construction industry, with a maximum of 3,000 inhabitants.
  • Health resort: a locality with a focus on sanatarium and health facilities.
  • Dacha locality: settlement with a focus on private recreation at summer and on weekends with agricultural activities not more than 25%.

Ukrainian SSR

The Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic defined a townlet in 1981 as follows:

  • a locality of under 2,000 inhabitants, consisting of at least ⅔ workers or employees or their families
  • with industrial enterprises, buildings, and a railroad connection

or

  • localities with educational or research institutions,
  • with sanatoriums or recreational institutions

In exceptional cases, even localities of 500 to 2,000 inhabitants could attain townlet status, if they had economic development potential.


de:Siedlung stdtischen Typs ru:Посёлок городского типа

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