Victorinus

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Missing image
Antoninianus_Victorinus-s3165.2.jpg
Victorius on a coin. On the reverse, the image of Sol Invictus, a worship widely spread among soldiers.

Marcus Piav(v)onius Victorinus was emperor of the successionist Gallic Empire from 268 to 270 or 271, following the brief reign of Marius.

Victorinus, born to a family of great wealth, was a soldier under Postumus, the first of the so-called Gallic emperors. Victorinus held the title of tribunus praetorianorum in 266/267, and was co-consul with Postumus in 267 or 268. Following the death of Marius, Victorinus was declared emperor by the troops located at Augusta Treverorum (Trier, Germany), and he was recognized by the provinces of Gaul and Britain, but not Spain, which reunited with the Roman Empire.

During his reign, Victorinus successfully prevented the city of Augustodunum Haeduorum (Autun, France) from rejoining the Roman Empire. The city was besieged for seven months, before it was stormed and plundered.

Victorinus was murdered in 270 or early 271 by Attitianus, one of his officers, whose wife Victorinus had supposedly seduced. Victorinus' mother, Victoria, continued to hold power after the death of Victorinus and she arranged for his deification and, after considerable payment to the troops, the appointment of Tetricus I as his successor. Victorinus is listed among the Thirty Tyrants in the Historia Augusta.

Preceded by:
Marcus Aurelius Marius (268)

Emperors of the Gallo-Roman Empire

Followed by:
Domitianus (271) and/or Tetricus I (270/271 - 273)

External link

de:Victorinus nl:Victorinus pl:Victorinus

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