Vinicius de Moraes

From Academic Kids

Vinicius de Moraes (October 19, 1913 - July 9, 1980), born as Marcus Vinícius da Cruz de Melo Morais in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was a seminal figure in contemporary Brazilian music. As a poet, he wrote lyrics for a great number of songs that became all-time classics. As a composer, he wrote some good music, and as an interpreter, he left several important albums.

Contents

Early life

From a musical family, de Moraes began writing poetry early in life. At the age of 14, he became friends with the brothers Paulo and Haroldo Tapajós, and with the latter composed "Loura ou Morena", his first song. In 1929, de Moraes enrolled in law school in Rio de Janeiro. Starting at 1932, he wrote lyrics for ten songs that were recorded by Tapajós brothers. When he finished his studies, he released his books Caminho Para a Distância (1933) and Forma e Exegese. Later, he became a cinema censor for the health and education cabinet (1935) and wrote his third book Ariana, a Mulher (1936).

Advanced studies and early career

Heading to England (1938) with an English government scholarship to study literature at Oxford University, he wrote Novos Poemas. At that time he was married by proxy. With the winds of the World War II, de Moraes returned to Rio in 1941, and began to write film reviews and critiques in newspapers and magazines. Two years later, he joined Brazil's diplomatic service and released his book Cinco Elegias. In 1946, he was sent to Los Angeles as vice-consul in his first diplomatic assignment, and released his work Poemas, Sonetos e Baladas.

Beginning 1950, de Moraes returned to Brazil due to his father's death. His first samba (composed along with musician Antônio Maria), was Quando Tu Passas por Mim, released in 1953, a year in which he moved to France as Brazil's embassy second secretary. His play Orfeu da Conceição won the IV São Paulo Centennial Contest in 1954. The next year he wrote lyrics for some of Cláudio Santoro's chamber music pieces, and later he staged Orfeu da Conceição, later translated to cinema as Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro, Marcel Camus, 1959), co-produced between Brazil, France, Italy and Portugal. He was then introduced to an unknown pianist, Tom Jobim, who was commissioned with writing the music for the play. Jobim composed the music of Se Todos Fossem Iguais a Você, Um Nome de Mulher, and several others songs, that were recorded with Luís Bonfá, between others. Following a return to another diplomatic assignments at France and Uruguay, he released his books Livro de Sonetos and Novos Poemas II.

The early Bossa nova

In 1958, the singer Elizeth Cardoso released her album Canção do Amor Demais, marking the beginning of bossa nova. This record only inludes compositions by the duo "Jobim-de Moraes", or by one of the two (Canção do Amor Demais, Luciana, Estrada Branca,Chega de Saudade, Outra Vez...), in a production that also brought João Gilberto onto two last tracks. After that record, the careers of all of them had great impulse, at time that the songs written by Jobim and de Moraes became disputed by singers.

Cinema recognition and collaborations

Meanwhile, Black Orpheus won an Academy Award for best foreign movie, and also was awarded with the Palme d'Or official award in the Cannes International Film Festival, and the 60' British Academy Award. De Morais, Bonfá and Jobim composed the original music for the movie.

In the 1960s, de Moraes extended his collaborations to many renowned Brazilians singers and musicians, particularly with Toquinho (de Moraes' most frequent partner and closest friend). His songs Para uma Menina com uma Flor and Samba da Bênção (with music of Baden Powell) were included on the soundtrack of A Man and a Woman (Un Homme et une Femme, Claude Lelouch, 1966), a winner movie in the Cannes festival.

Beside his Brazilians partners, hundreds of international performers have been recorded his more than 400 songs. Vinícius de Moraes died in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, at the age of 66.

His most popular songs

  • A arca de Noé
  • A felicidade
  • A flor da noite
  • A porta
  • A tonga da mironga do kabuletê
  • Água de beber
  • Algum lugar
  • Amigos meus
  • Amor em paz
  • Arrastão
  • Ausência
  • Berimbau
  • Bom dia, amigo
  • Bom dia, tristeza
  • Broto triste
  • Caminho de pedra
  • Canção da canção que nasceu
  • Canção da noite
  • Canção do amanhecer
  • Canção do amor e paz
  • Canção do amor ausente
  • Canção do amor demais
  • Canto de Ossanha
  • Canto de Oxum
  • Canto de Xangô
  • Canto triste
  • Carta ao Tom 74
  • Chega de saudade
  • Chora coração
  • Chorando pra Pixinguinha
  • Coisa mais linda
  • Como dizia o poeta
  • Consolação
  • Cotidiano nº 2
  • Deixa
  • Ela é carioca
  • Estrada branca
  • Eu não tenho nada a ver com isso
  • Eu sei que vou te amar
  • Formosa
  • Garota de Ipanema
  • Insensatez
  • Janelas abertas
  • Labareda
  • Lamento
  • Lamento de um homem só
  • Lamento no morro
  • Lembre-se
  • Loura ou morena
  • Luciana
  • Maria
  • Mais um adeus
  • Medo de amar
  • Menina das duas tranças
  • Menininha
  • Meu pai Oxalá
  • Minha namorada
  • Modinha
  • Morena flor
  • Mulher carioca
  • Mulher, sempre mulher
  • O astronauta
  • O bem-amad
  • O filho que eu quero ter
  • O grande amor
  • O morro não tem vez
  • O nosso amor
  • O pato
  • O poeta aprendiz
  • O tempo da flor
  • Onde anda você
  • Outra vez
  • O velho e a flor
  • Minha namorada
  • Pobre menina rica
  • Por toda a minha vida
  • Pra que chorar
  • Pra viver um grande amor
  • Primavera
  • Rancho das namoradas
  • Regra três
  • Rosa dos Ventos
  • Sabe você
  • Samba da Benção
  • Samba da rosa
  • Samba da volta
  • Samba do avião
  • Samba do carioca
  • Samba do Pouso
  • São demais os perigos desta vida
  • Se o amor pudesse
  • Se todos fossem iguais a você
  • Sei lá (A vida tem sempre razão)
  • Se você disser que sim
  • Sem você
  • Serenata do adeus
  • Só danço samba
  • Só por amor
  • Tarde em Itapoã
  • Tatamirô
  • Teleco-teco
  • Tem dó
  • Um nome de mulher
  • Uma rosa em minha mão
  • Valsa do bordel
  • Valsa de Eurídice
  • Valsa para uma menininha
  • Valsinha

Brazilian performers

Jazz performers

Latin performers

Pop performers

Life facts

  • A detailed look about his life in the music, books, poetry, prose, theater, music, cinema critic, and photos with several musicians and singers, can be seen at his official website.

External link

es:Vinícius de Moraes fr:Vinícius de Moraes pt:Vinícius de Moraes

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