Voiceless palatal fricative

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Template:Infobox IPA The voiceless palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is , and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is C. The symbol is the letter c with a cedilla, as used to spell French words like faade, although the sound represented by the letter in either French or English orthography is not a voiceless palatal fricative, but simply [s], the voiceless alveolar fricative.

Contents

Features

Features of the voiceless palatal fricative:

In English

In some dialects of English, the sequence /hj/ is sometimes realized as the voiceless palatal fricative, via coalescence, a type of assimilation. For example, human ( might be realized as ). However, there are no minimal pairs for /hj/ and //, so the voiceless palatal fricative is not a separate phoneme in English.

In other languages

German

German has the voiceless palatal fricative and it is spelled with "ch", as in ich ("I"). The Germans call this sound ich-Laut. This is the sound represented by "ch" when it follows "e", "i", "", "", "", the diphthongs "eu" or "u", or the consonants "l", "n" or "r". The sound represented by "ch" following "a", "o", "u", or the diphthong "au" is a different consonant, either the voiceless uvular fricative or the voiceless velar fricative. The sounds are not independant phonemes but allophones. See German phonology.

See also


Sounds of the world's languages
International Phonetic Alphabet
Consonants | Vowels
Places of articulation Manners of articulation

Bilabial | Labiodental | Labial-velar | Dental | Alveolar | Postalveolar | Alveolo-palatal | Retroflex | Palatal | Velar | Uvular | Pharyngeal | Epiglottal | Glottal

Nasals | Plosives | Fricatives | Affricates | Laterals | Approximants | Flaps/Taps | Trills | Ejectives | Implosives | Clicks

de:Stimmloser palataler Frikativ
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